India is one such country that has had a long history even before the advent of civilizations in other parts of the world. In a country rich with diversity and culture, there are numerous historic places and monuments, few of them even recognized as World Heritage Sites. Here is the list of the Top 5 most famous historic places and monuments of India that you have to visit.
Taj Mahal, Agra
One of the wonders of the world, Taj Mahal stands tall at the banks of the river Yamuna. Located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, this monument marks the loveliest symbol of love. This immense mausoleum of white marble was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Begum. This monument is a great example of the finest fusion of elements of Mughal, Ottoman Turkish, Persian and Indian architectural style. It attracts millions of tourists every year and is the pride of India.
The palace of Mysore is one of the famous historical monuments in South India. The Mysore city offers a lot of tourist attractions for the visitors and this monument stands unique because of its richness in build and design. It used to be the residence of Wadiyars, who ruled the princely state of Mysore from 1399 to 1950. Popularly cited as the Indo-Saracenic marvel, its interiors embraces kaleidoscope of stained glass, mirrors and gaudy colours which are lavishly spread over the top. The décor further comprises of richly carved doors, mosaic floors and series of paintings portraying life in Mysore during the Rajwadi Era.
Golden Temple, Amritsar
Popularly known as Harmandir Sahib, the Golden temple is a Holy Sikh shrine located at Gurudwara in Amritsar, Punjab. The temple stands as a classic example for the Hindu-Islamic style of architecture. This legendary temple is said to be a small part of the huge Gurudwara complex, excavated by the fourth guru Ram Das in 1577. The tank that surrounds the gleaming central shrine is the centre of attraction here. It is believed that the water here has some healing powers and thus pilgrims from around the world visit the temple to bathe in its sacred water.
Brihadishwara Temple, also called Periya Koyil or Big Temple is one of the India’s largest temples. It is located in Thanjavur of Tamil Nadu. This historical temple was built in 1010 AD by the Chola dynasty. This big temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is one of the best structures built by the Cholas. It is marked as one of the World Heritage Sites in Tamil Nadu, India. Being India’s one of the most admired architectural sites, it stands amidst the fortified walls that are said to be added in the 16th century. The ‘Vimana ‘or the temple tower of 26 ft. is tallest of its kind. There is a big monolithic statue of Nandi at the entrance that measures about 16 feet long and 13 feet high.
This beautiful monument was built during the reign of Rajput’s of Rajasthan and is the Most famous tourist attraction in Rajasthan. Hawa Mahal or the Palace of Winds is situated in the heart of the Pink city, Jaipur. The pyramid shaped five-storied palace was constructed using red and pink sandstone by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh for women’s of royal families in 1799. Hawa Mahal is one of the major tourist attractions of Jaipur and the Royal state of Rajasthan. It is about 50 ft high and has 953 little windows, called ‘JHAROKHAS’ and are covered in amazingly decorative latticework.
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